Cod, haddock, and halibut are delicious and healthy fish that would not have been on our table if fishermen had not learned to get them literally “from the bottom of the sea”. The fact is that these species live in the bottom layer of water, and some (for example, halibut) even hunt “lying” at the bottom of the sea.
Bottom trawling is used for the catch of such fish. A huge net in the form of a bag, equipped with special loads, descends from a fishing vessel on cables. The net lies on the bottom, then the vessel begins to move and drags it along – this process is called trawling. When there are enough fish, the winches lift the net on board, and the crew begins sorting and processing the catch.
Bottom trawling on the NWFC vessels mainly produces cod, huddock and Greenland halibut. By-catch-redfish, American plaice. catfish (spotted. blue and striped), brosme, ling and Stingrayand some other species – can also get into the net. It is important that all the fish caught by bottom trawling come to the table directly from their natural habitat, and not from the cage, so their meat is rich in vitamins and trace elements.
The Atlantic cod (lat. Gadus morhua) is a subclass of ray-finned fish in the cod family. Cod is one of the most valuable commercial fish of the Northern Basin: it is widespread and, at the same time, cod meat is an excellent dietary product with low calorie content and high (up to 20 %) protein content. Fish oil, which is used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, is obtained from the cod’s liver.
The caloric value of cod meat is 70 kcal/100 g. Proteins – up to 20 %, fat – 0.4 %. Cod meat contains vitamins H, B1, E, A, B2, C, B4, B12, B9, B6 and trace elements such as zinc, calcium, iron, magnesium, selenium, fluorine, phosphorus, iodine and potassium.
The haddock (lat. Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a close relative of the cod, but of relatively small size: the largest cod caught weighed 96 kg, and the largest haddock was only 17 kg. The life expectancy of haddock in its natural habitat is up to 14 years.
The caloric value of haddock meat is 73 kcal/100 g. Haddock is rich in selenium, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus and iodine.
Also, the meat of this fish contains vitamins A and D, B12 and other B vitamins.
The saithe (lat. Pollachius virens) is a fish from the cod family. It is distributed throughout the North Atlantic and the North Sea, sometimes found in the Baltic.
Saithe meat is a good source of trace elements (phosphorus, zinc, selenium) and vitamins A, D, E, B6, B2, B1.
Saithe liver is used in cooking, in the production of cosmetics and medicines.
The caloric value of the saithe is 80 kcal/100 g.
Greenland halibut (black halibut, lat. Reinhardtius hippoglossoides) is a large (up to 130 cm in length) ray-finned fish of the flounder family. It lives in the north Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and in the seas of the Arctic Ocean.
Halibut is rich in vitamins D, B6 and B12, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and selenium. Halibut meat contains a lot of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Depending on the fat content, the caloric value of halibut ranges from 100 to 200 kcal/100 g.
“Dumb as a fish" is definitely not about cod. These fish got their name because of the characteristic crackling sound, they make it by contracting the muscles of the swim bladder. The “crackling” is especially well heard when thousands of fish gather in schools and go to spawn.
To make a cod dish delicious, only young fish should be used for cooking, as the meat becomes tough and dry with age. Since the cod grows all its life, it is possible to distinguish the young ones by their size.
In Britain, haddocks were called either “St. Peter's fish” or then “devil's fish”. The dark spots located on the sides of the haddock's body do look like the finger marks of a mysterious fisherman who grabbed a fish. But in fact, these spots help haddocks to recognize each other, gather in schools and quickly identify predators.
Saithe usually hunt in huge schools. Small predators tightly surround the selected prey, and the noise they make at the same time can be heard even above the water.
Halibut fry hatch from eggs as ordinary fish with a symmetrical body. But as the fry grows and develops, it transforms in a special way: the fish “lays” on the left side, while its eyes and mouth shift to the right.
The NWFC consortium produces bottom fish species in the Barents and Norwegian seas. Our catches are processed both at sea and in our factories on shore. Due to the high quality requirements, our fish products are a well-deserved success.
You can find the list of NWFC fish products on the page "Fish Catalog".
In the "Recipes" on our site, our chefs share tips and tricks for cooking crab dishes.